There are so many fish in the sea. We all have heard this phrase at some point.
Well, the thing is that most of them keep betta, and that too, is a male one!
This happens because they want to have the most colorful and vibrant fish in the aquarium. This is all about having the best one that you can show off, right?
A Female betta fish is a good choice. That’s because a betta fish is more exquisite and fine. Also, they are expensive. However, in most cases, people opt for male fish. This is because they are more colorful and have longer tails.
The males have dominating personalities. However, it doesn’t mean that a female betta fish doesn’t have a personality or colors. So, if you are ready to learn more about this fish, we are sharing some amazing details!
What is a Female Betta Fish?
The betta fish is famous in Cambodia, Malaysia, and Thailand. They are now easily available in pet stores. However, those are from Southeast Asia. A female betta fish has a simple color. In most cases, they are kept in separate tanks because they can become aggressive when they are living with the male ones. In simpler words, they are very colorful and lovely on their own.
Imagine going to an aquarium to find the best betta fish. However, you come home with a fraudulent one. This happens because you don’t know the features of a female betta. So, let’s check out some features, so your fish shopping is easier.
The female ones are colorful, but the male ones have more vivid colors. It doesn’t mean that females don’t pretty but the colors are usually less vibrant.
The simplest characteristic of female betta fish is that they have vertical stripes all over the body. On the other hand, the male ones don’t have any stripes, horizontal or vertical.
- Body Shape
In most cases, the females are slightly shorter as compared to male ones. In addition, they have a wider body. On the contrary, male betta fish have an elongated and flat body. Also, they look more side to side.
A female betta fish has fins but the male ones have longer. To be precise, the length of fins in males is three to four times longer. In addition, a female betta fish has short caudal fins. Also, let’s not forget that ventral fins are thicker and longer in male fish.
- Egg Spot
Right between the anal and ventral fins, a female betta fish would have an egg spot. In particular, this is an ovipositor. For those who don’t know, this is the place where female fish lay eggs. On the other hand, you will hardly see an egg spot in males.
The male fishes are extremely aggressive. On the other hand, the female betta fish is very mellow. For the same reason, the experts say that you shouldn’t have many male fish in the same tank. Instead, try to add a male betta fish only when you need them to mate.
We have already shared that male fish are more aggressive. However, a female betta fish will show aggression towards other fish in the tank. To be precise, this aggression can be stressful as the fish ends up bullying the others. Similarly, it’s important not to add too many female fish with other varieties. This is because it will help diffuse the situation.
Types of Female Betta Fish
Now that you’ve some idea about the characteristics of a female betta fish, you need to know the types as well. So, with this section, we are sharing the types!
- The Traditional Female PK Yellow Dragon
This type is also called a short-finned fighter because its fins are shorter. In some parts of the world, these fish are raised to fight. The males of this species are bigger and have a gill beard that falls below the chin. The females are smaller and thinner and don’t have this trait.
- The Original PK Red Dragon Girl
This plakat betta is a very bright red color. Many plakats are busier than long-finned bettas because their fins don’t get in the way. This type is also very hard to get sick, which makes it a favorite among betta owners and fans.
- HMPK Woman in Turquoise
The half-moon plakat has the lower fins that are typical of plakats, but its tail is shaped like a half-moon. These traits come together to make a fish that can still swim quickly, even though its tail is partly moving and decorated.
- HMPK Marble Girl
The shorter fins of a normal plakat betta and the half moon’s tail make this silvery half-moon plakat stand out. HMPKs come in different colors and can be bought in different genders. Pet owners like them and other plakats because they last longer than some types of betta fish.
- HMPK Copper Woman
The scales on this half-moon plakat betta shine like copper. Overall, this female betta fish has a shiny sheen that shows all the colors of the rainbow in small amounts.
- HM Red Dragon Girl
Peter Goettner, an American breeder, came up with the idea for half-moon bettas. It’s a little harder to breed than the plakat, but this type isn’t as violent. F1 half-moon boys are bred to have fuller tails that are wide and flowy. The female has a more reserved tail that has the typical half-moon shape.
Putting Betta Fish in Public Aquariums – The Right Companions
Because they are aggressive and protective of their territory, female fish are usually not good additions to community tanks. Still, there are some fish and crustaceans that get along well enough with them to live together. So, let’s see which fish you can add to the aquarium!
- Neon Tetras
Neon tetras are small fish that live in groups. Their bright blue and red bodies make them easy to spot. They live in the basin of the Amazon River in South America, where they gather in large groups. Most neon tetras are about 1.5 inches long, which is a little shorter than most female betta fish. They don’t need very big tanks, so a 10- to 20-gallon aquarium can hold a single female betta fish and a small school of bright tetras.
Planting female betta fish in tanks will make them look more natural, which will make neon tetras feel safe. A neon tetra likes to eat live plants like hornwort, Vallisneria, and Amazon swords.
- Loaches from Kuhli Island (Pangio kuhlii)
Like most fish, kuhli loaches live near the bottom and spend their time digging holes in sand or fine gravel. Their favorite time to be busy is at night when the lights in the tank are off. Not often, but sometimes, they will move to the middle of the tank, away from the surface of the water. Kuhli loaches like to be with other fish, so they do best when kept in groups of five or more. Most of the time, they eat and dig together.
- Chili Rasboras
If you want to keep a female fish in a tank with other colored fish, chili rasboras are a great choice. Their bodies are a bright reddish-orange color with blued-green spots all over them. Plant-filled tanks as small as 10 gallons can look beautiful with them. Because they are not very active, chili rasboras are pretty easy to take care of.
For their health and happiness, chili rasboras should be kept in groups of six or more in a tank that is heated and filtered. The chili rasbora can live up to 8 years, which is longer than many other small fish. A female betta fish can only live for three years, but most well-cared-for chili rasboras can live longer.
- Neorite Snails (Neritina natalensis)
Nerites are small freshwater snails that people like because they can’t breed in most aquariums. Nerite snail eggs will only hatch in salty water, not in a freshwater tank with a female betta fish. Their shells are designed in a way that makes them stand out. They grow to be about 0.8 to 1 inch across. Their shells have different patterns of stripes and dots and are red, orange, yellow, or black.
Since these snails eat everything, they will eat the food that female betta fish leave behind. Nerite snails like to eat green algae off of objects in the tank and can easily be used to clean up after an aquarium. Because nerites stay alone in aquariums, it’s not likely that female bettas and nerite snails will regularly associate.
- Corydoras Pygmaeus
The pygmy corydoras is a small type of catfish that lives on the bottom. The Aguarico, Mediera, and Nanay rivers are where they come from in South America. They have a simple look, with black lines that are visible on their silver or yellow bodies. The dark backgrounds and bottoms of aquariums make their colors stand out.
The bottom of a tank is where pygmy corydoras spend most of their time swimming. They only go elsewhere when they need to find food. They often eat, rest, and hide together in groups of five or more. They get stressed out quickly when left alone and don’t do well with other cats, so a group of at least five is suggested.
- Lilies (Poecilia Sphenops)
It’s common for mollies to give birth to live babies, and they get along well with female betta fish in large tanks. Their tank needs to be at least 20 gallons because these fish can get up to 4 inches long. Lilies come in many different shades and shapes, but the most common ones are black, silver, white, and golden.
They get along well with other fish, are calm, and don’t hurt female bettas. For their social needs, mollies should always be kept with at least five other cats. They should never be kept alone. When it comes to temperature, mollies are fine in the same range as female bettas, though they can handle it a little cooler.
- Celestial Pearl Danios
The heavenly pearl danio is a small type of danio that has a beautiful look. These danios live in Myanmar, but there are bigger groups of them in captivity. The male celestial pearl danios are bigger than the females, who are about an inch long. The only thing these fish have in common that they are kept in tanks is how they look. They can liven up any female betta fish pool.
Celestial pearl danios have blue bodies with many white dots all over them and tails that are reddish-orange. It seems like the males are more colorful than the females, who look duller. Because they like being with other fish, celestial pearl danios should be kept in groups of six or more.
It’s easy to keep a group of these danios in a 16-gallon or bigger female betta fish tank because they are small.
How to Take Care of Female Betta Fish
While it’s easy to find a female betta fish, you have to take care of them properly. For this reason, we are sharing some factors that you’ve to ensure!
Bettas like it best when the water is warmer than 75 degrees Fahrenheit, but any temperature above that is fine. To keep the temperature in the right range, you will need a heater. Pick one that has enough power to heat the whole tank. As a general rule, you need 1 watt of power for every 1 liter (3.8L) of water. For a 5-gallon tank, for example, you’ll need at least a 20-watt generator.
Quality of Water
You should test the water in your betta’s tank once a week to make sure it has the right amount of chemicals, ions, and pH. Test strips make it easy and quick to check the pH.
- pH, which is a measure of hydrogen ions.
- Nitrite and nitrate are both nitrogenous chemicals that are made when ammonia breaks down. Ammonia is the main waste product that fish get rid of through their gills.
- The carbonate (KH) level shows how stable your water’s pH is by measuring the amount of dissolved bicarbonate and carbonate ions. The hardness (GH) level shows the amount of calcium and magnesium ions, which are important for growing certain fish species.
Learning these measures of water quality will help you understand the health of your fish and aquarium. Parents of betta fish should pay close attention to nitrite and nitrate levels, as well as pH.
The best water for bettas is one with a stable pH of about 7. They can live in water with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. Most tap water has a pH level between 6.5 and 8.5. Before putting your betta in tap water, you should check the pH level because too high or too low of a pH level will stress out your fish.
How do you fix the pH level of your water? For better health, use a water treatment that is made to change and keep pH levels in freshwater tanks if the water from your tap is not in the right range.
You’ve picked out a tank, added the treated tap water, set up the filter, put the heater in place, and put your decorations in order. Don’t put your betta in that water yet, though. Before you put any fish in your tank, you should turn everything on and leave it alone for a week. Cycling is the name for this time of waiting, and it’s one of the hardest parts of the process. You’ll be so excited to get your betta into its new tank! But the wait is well worth it to make sure your fish are healthy.
Cycling gives important bacteria time to start living on every surface of your tank. It is important to know this because these bacteria are needed to change ammonia, which is what fish waste is mostly made of, into nitrite and nitrate. If you don’t break down the ammonia and nitrite in your tank with bacteria and/or water changes, they will kill your fish. Let your tank run before adding a fish. This will keep this bad thing from happening.
The Bottom Line
Overall, a female betta fish is one of the amazing additions to the aquarium. However, they can be hard to take care of. For this reason, make sure you focus on water quality as well as the aquarium. So, will you be keeping a female betta for your tank?