When it comes down to the electrical industry, it’s needless to say that connectors are extremely important. That’s because the electric connectors help create electronic circuits, which are used for assembling and installing power supply to the electrical devices. In addition, they ensure a seamless power supply.
One such connector is a TRU connector, which is launched by TRU Corporation. In case you want to know about this connector, we are sharing some details!
What Is A TRU Connector?
TRU is the manufacturer and designer of electrical connectors. They have a specialization in coaxial connectors, but you can get your hands on DIN and subminiature connectors as well. TRU Corporation has over 50 years of experience in providing affordable and premium electrical supplies.
Understanding The Electrical Connectors
An electronic system is a network of links organized in a hierarchy that lets different electronic devices talk to each other. There are many interconnects or TRU connectors that are needed to make sure that electrical equipment can send and receive signals and distribute power. Electrical connections can be put into three groups based on how they end: board-to-board, cable/wire-to-cable/wire, and cable/wire-to-board.
Most electrical TRU connectors have six different ways to join. Level 0 is the connection between a basic circuit part and its lead, like the link between a semiconductor chip and its lead frame. Level 1 is the link between a component lead and a printed circuit board (PCB). Some examples of Level 1 are chip carrier sockets, dual inline package (DIP) sockets, and switches.
At level two, two or more PCBs or TRU connectors are linked together. A link between the motherboard and the babyboard is common. Two subassemblies that are connected at level 3 are a power source and the subassembly that goes with it. Level 4 is the link between a major subassembly and an input/output (I/O) port of the system.
Level 5 is the link between physically separate systems. This is usually shown by the connection between a computer and a printer or other piece of peripheral equipment or by the parts of a local network.
Connectors Between Boards
Board-to-board links let TRU connectors talk to each other without using a wire. Board-to-board connectors are good for systems with limited room because they can cut down on the amount of wires that are in the way. To join the PCBs, you can use connectors that are set up either in parallel or in a cross pattern. A mezzanine connection is a way to connect two PCBs that are stacked on top of each other.
But sometimes, the phrase is used to talk about a TRU connector that is set up so that they are not parallel to each other. Most of the time, these designs are used with motherboards and daughter boards, where the parallel arrangement is emphasized.
When choosing a TRU connector, you need to think about things like separability, mechanical requirements like stack height and tolerances, mounting types, and limitations like standoffs, brackets, or chassis slots and frames. Separability rests on several factors, such as whether or not the connector can be separated, how many mating cycles it needs over its lifetime, and how much force is needed to insert it. It’s important to think about both the working temperature and the humidity.
The EIA 700AAAB standard must be used for mezzanine connections. A backplane is a group of electrical connectors that are lined up next to each other. Each connector is attached to the pin on all the other connectors that go with it to make a connector bus. Backplane systems are often used in computer and phone systems because they can be changed and are reliable.
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Using the backplane method while working with the TRU connector, you can connect several plug-in cards along a single backbone to make a complete backplane system. Before it gets to the receiver, the signal sent out by the emitter goes through several connectors. In high-speed uses, the backplane system of devices must be able to send and receive signals well. In designing a gigabit backplane channel, the backplane and the pin field are very important.
As the data rate goes up, the backplane channels may weaken the information that is being sent. Effects of the channels include inter-symbol interference (ISI), reflection, and crosstalk. Crosstalk and reflection make channel jitter worse because they add noise, lower the signal’s intensity, and slow down the rate at which the signal’s edges change. At high data rates and wide channel spacing, the quality of the stream gets worse.
Connectors in a backplane system need to have the right impedance match and protection. Also, the connectors must be able to handle many times of putting and taking out the computer boards.
Connectors For Cable/Wire To Cable/Wire
When you want to connect two wire-terminated plugs or TRU connectors, you use wire-to-wire connections. They are used to connect electrical, electronic, and computer parts. Some general needs for a wire-to-wire connector are the number of circuits or places, the size of the wires, and how they connect. Male wire-to-wire connections are made so that they can fit inside female wire-to-wire links. Most wire-to-wire connectors have between 1 and 50 circuits or places.
The termination method is one of the most important things to think about when picking wire-to-wire TRU connectors. You can use a screw, a quick disconnect to a quick disconnect, a crimp to a crimp, an IDC to an IDC, an FFC/FPC to a crimp, a crimp to an FC/FPC, or an FFC/FPC to an IDC. Crimp termination is a way to connect two wires.
This is done by manually crimping a metal sleeve into a conductor. Using insulation displacement connection (IDC) technology, a wire with insulation is forced into a slot that is smaller than the width of the conductor. Flat flex cables, or FFCs, have two flat sides that can be smooth or wavy. Flat-printed circuitry, or FPC, is also often used for wire-to-wire links.
Screw connections and a pressure plate are often used to tighten the wire against the current bar. Quick join and quick detach devices are easy to put together and don’t need any tools.
Connectors For Wire/Cable-To-Board
Crimp technology is often used by wire-to-board links to connect a wire to a printed circuit board (PCB). After the connector is crimped to the wire, the contacts or ends can be put into the right housing to finish the connection.
How to Choose the Best Electric Connector – 8 Tips
With so many different types of electric connectors and important factors to think about, it can be very hard to choose the right one. Still, picking the right connection is a very safe and reliable way to reduce the size, improve, or separate parts of a system so that it works well and doesn’t need to be fixed often. You may now be wondering how someone can pick the right electric connection for their needs. This blog post tries to give a full answer to that question.
1. Write Down What You Need
You need to know how many signs there are and discover the voltages, frequencies, and currents of the TRU connector that each one carries. Also, are those messages digital, analog, or a mix of the two? The wiring, pinout, and type of connector are affected by the mix of signals. As an example, low-level analog signals might need shielding and high-frequency signals might need a coaxial link.
Certain sets of signals can’t all fit in one TRU connector. People who use high-voltage pins should think about the creepage and separation distances. People can buy larger wires and multiple-pin terminals from a reputable multiple-pin terminal distributor if there are paths with a lot of electric power. People may also need a customized answer based on their specific design and case needs.
2. Think About Your Operating Voltage And Current Rating
The most important thing to look at when choosing an electrical TRU connector is the current value. It tells you how much electricity runs through two terminals that are connected, and it’s best to write it in amps per circuit. Depending on how many circuits are in a house, the flow of electricity must be slowed down or changed when the temperature of the nearby terminal rises.
3. Be Sure You Have Enough Space
As the available room has shrunk, the terminal and electrical TRU connectors have become lighter and smaller. Still, they are much better able to handle more unplugging and plugging in happening more often. People may need to look for better electric connectors based on the needs of their projects and the structure they need to build.
4. Making Sure The Recommended Operating Temperature Range Is Correct
A lot of TRU connectors have to work in harsh situations like vibration and shock. Terminal and cable connectors made for dangerous environments and extreme circumstances have special features that make them resistant to shocks, vibrations, and high or low temperatures. Therefore, you should choose your electric connection based on where it is located, how often it will be unplugged and plugged in, and how close it is to a heat source.
5. Make Sure The Level Of Reliability
Another important thing people should think about when buying a TRU connector or plugs is how reliable they are. Still, dependability is a complicated idea that depends on a lot of things. It’s hard to come up with exact numbers, but some providers sell connectors that have a specification for the average time until failure. With this information, you can pick the right electrical connection for any job.
6. Make Sure It Has An Atmospheric Seal
Certain atmospheres need to be kept safe from fluids, dust, vapors, or gases that can catch fire or are flammable. TRU connectors have choices for sealing against the atmosphere that works well against splashes that come out of the blue. People can use the ingress protection code method to check the ingress protection rating number and make sure they are buying the right electrical connectors once they know what level of security they need.
7. Plate And Substances Factors
Terminal plating and materials are often the last things people think about, but a lot of electric connections are made of nylon plastic. These electrical plugs have ratings for how resistant they are to fire, so they won’t catch fire easily. Standard choices include lead, tin, and certain types of gold, which are good for most uses. Base materials for TRU connectors are generally made of brass or phosphor bronze because they are strong and good at carrying current, even when exposed to high temperatures for a long time.
8. Figure Out The Price
Usually, the price of an electric TRU connector is figured out by adding up all the costs of the terminal connectors, plug, receptacle, and the wages paid to the people who make sure the electrical wire is connected to the terminal and put into the housing. How big and what kind of power connector to use would depend on what is most important to users. People also think about the size of the circuit, the force needed to engage it, the size and shape of the wire, and the working voltage.
Tips to Work Safely with Electric Connections
Whether you are working with a TRU connector or electric wires, you have to be extremely careful. That’s because electrocution can be fatal and some people even die. For this reason, it’s important to stay safe while working with electricity and we are sharing some tips that will keep you safe.
1. Keep Electrical Equipment Away From Wet Places
It is best to keep water and other liquids at least 5 feet away from electrical items and power sources. Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs) should be installed because they help stop electrical problems like shocks, fires, burning, and damage to wire insulation.
2. Make Sure You’re Safe When You Stop
Do not jerk the electrical cord when disconnecting electrical devices. Instead, gently pull it by the plug. If you pull on the line, you could damage the wire and get shocked.
3. Put In The Power Cords Correctly And Neatly
Fixtures and cords that are out of the way are signs of a good electrical system. Pets can chew on the cords, so keep them out of reach.
4. Know How To Use Your Phone System
A switchboard is an electrical safety device that keeps the user from coming into contact with live electricity. By dividing, spreading, and measuring the flow of electricity to different parts and devices, it controls the flow of electricity. For safety and best performance, the amount of electricity that goes into the circuit should match the amount that it sends out. If not, it could get too hot and start an electrical fire.
5. Watch Out For Power Lines
If you’re working at a height, be careful of power lines before you climb a tree or a ladder. It is recommended that you don’t remain alone when working with the power lines. For this reason, you should keep someone with you.
6. Keep Your Outlets Safe For Kids
When kids are around, cover the outlets to keep them from getting shocked. You can easily get kid-proofing socket covers for the outlets from online stores. So, make sure your kids are secure and away from the outlets because electrocution can be lethal for kids.
7. Look Into Lights That Flicker
Lights that flicker should be checked out and fixed. It could be that some connections are loose or that the bulb needs to be tightened or changed. This is important because if you don’t check something on time, it might lead to a short circuit.
8. Put Up Warning Signs
When you need to tell people about high voltage in the area, put up clear, easy-to-see signs. The signs are easily available on the Internet but you can also make them at home.
9. Don’t Do It Yourself
Most do-it-yourself projects end up making things worse instead of better. If there are any electricity problems, it is always best to let a professional handle them.